PSMS Bolete Study

The following list of references pertains to bolete subject matter--taxonomy, systematics, biology, ecology and toxicology.  It is nowhere near exhaustive.  For additional bibliographic matter see www. and


Arora, D. 1986. Mushrooms Demystified. 2nd Ed. Berkeley:  Ten Speed Press.

Baura, G., T. M. Szaro, and T. D. Bruns. 1992. Gastrosuillus laricinus is a recent  derivative of Suillus grevillei:  molecular evidence. Mycologia 84: 592-597.

Benjamin, Denis. 1995. Mushrooms:  poisons and panaceas.  New York:  W. H. Freeman  and Company.

Both, E. E. 1993. The Boletes of North America: a Compendium. Buffalo, NY: Buffalo  Musuem of Science.

Breitenbach, J. and F. Kr(nzlin, eds. 1991. Fungi of Switzerland. Vol. 3. Boletes and  agarics. Lucerne:  Edition Mykologia Lucerne.

Bruns, T. D. (date?). Insect Mycophagy in the Boletales:  Fungivore Diversity and the  Mushroom Habitat, pp. 91-129  In:  Q. Wheeler and M. Blackwell (eds.), Fungus- insect relationships: perspectives in ecology and evolution. New York: Colum.  Univ.

Bruns, T. D., R. Fogel, T. J. White and J. D. Palmer. 1989. Accelerated evolution of a  false-truffle from a mushroom ancestor. Nature 339: 140-142.

Hansen, L. and H. Knudsen, eds. 1992. Nordic Macromycetes. Vol. 2. Polyporales,  Boletales, Agaricales, Russulales. Copenhagen:  Nordsvamp.

Kretzer, A. et al. 1996. Internal transcribed spacer sequences from 38 recognized species  of Suillus sensu lato:  Phylogenetic and taxonomic implications. Mycologia 88:  776-785.

Kretzer, A. and T. D. Bruns. 1997. Molecular revisitation of the genus Gastrosuillus.  Mycologia 89: 586-589.

Moser, M. 1983. Keys to Agarics and Boleti. London:  R. Phillips.

Peck, C. H. 1889. Boleti of the United States. Bulletin of the New York State Museum  8: 73-166.

Phillips, R. 1991. Mushrooms of North America. Boston:  Little, Brown and Company.

Scates, K. 1982. Trial Field Key to the Boletes of the Pacific Northwest. Pacific  Northwest Key Council.

Singer, R. 1977. The Boletineae of Florida. Liechtenstein: J. Cramer, Bib. Myco. 58.

Singer, R. 1986. The Agaricales in Modern Taxonomy. 4th Ed. Koenigstein: Koeltz.

Singer, R. and E. E. Both. A new species of Gastroboletus and its phylogenetic  significance. Mycologia 69: 59-72.

Smith, A. H., H. V. Smith and N. S. Weber. 1981. How to Know the Non-Gilled  Mushrooms. 2nd Ed. Dubuque, Iowa:  W. C. Brown Co. Pub.

Smith, A. H. and H. D. Thiers. 1964. A Contribution towards a Monograph of North  America Species of Suillus.  Published by the authors.

Smith, A. H. and H. D. Thiers. 1968. Notes on Boletes-I. 1. The generic position of  Boletus subglabripes and Boletus chromapes  2. A comparison of four species of  Tylopilus. Mycologia 55: 943-954.

Smith, A. H. and H. D. Thiers. 1971. The Boletes of Michigan. Ann Arbor:  The  University of Michigan Press.

Smith, A. H., H. D. Thiers and O.K. Miller. 1965.  The Species of Suillus and  Fuscoboletinus of Priest River Experiment Forest and Vicinity, Priest River,  Idaho. Lloydia 28: 120-138.

Snell, W. H. and E. A. Dick. 1970. The Boleti of Northeastern North America. Germany:  J. Cramer.

Snell, W. H. A. H. Smith and L. R. Hesler. 1940. New species of boletes from Cades  Cove in the Great Smokies. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 56: 325.

Stuntz, D. E. and B. F. Isaccs. 1962. Pacific Northwestern Fungi. I. Mycologia: 54: 272- 298.

Thiers, H. D. 1975. California Mushrooms:  A Field Guide to the Boletes.  New York:  Hafner.

Thiers, H. D. 1976. Boletes of the Southwestern United States. Mycotaxon 3: 261-273.

Thiers, H. D. 1979. The Genus Suillus in the Western United States. Mycotaxaon 9: 285- 296.

Thiers, H. D. and J. M. Trappe. 1969. Studies on the genus Gastroboletus. Brittonia 21:  244-254.

Wolfe, C. B. 1979. Austroboletus and Tylopilus Subgenus Porphyrellus with Emphasis on  North American Species.  Liechtenstein: J. Cramer, Bib. Myco. 69.

Yates, H. S. 1916. The comparative histology of certain californian Boletaceae. Univ.  Cal. Pub. Bot. 6(10): pp. 221-274.